Oral Biol Res 2018; 42(4): 235-240  https://doi.org/10.21851/obr.42.04.201812.235
Virtual reality training simulator for tooth preparation techniques
HeeSuk Jung1, HyoJoon Kim2, SeongYong Moon2*
1First Dental Clinic, Incheon, Korea
2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
Correspondence to: SeongYong Moon, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, 303 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61452, Korea. Tel: +82-62-220-3810, Fax: +82-62-224-9172, E-mail: msygood@chosun.ac.kr
Received: November 21, 2018; Revised: November 22, 2018; Accepted: November 23, 2018; Published online: December 31, 2018.
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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Standard oral and maxillofacial three-dimensional model was developed with patients’ medical data while virtual reality (VR) simulator was developed in conjunction with head mount display (HMD) and Haptic device. The objective of this study was to evaluate the preclinical use of a VR training simulator in tooth preparation practice. Eighty-nine dental students were trained how to operate the simulator. The participants were then given suffcient time on the simulator to practice dental preparation. The students experience and opinion was then taken in through filling of questionnaires. On average content received 1.8 points, anatomy had 2.5 points, 2.6 points for the applicability, and 2.0 for the usability. As for the detailed items scores, queries about the possible development of the simulator and the interest of the learning process through the simulator were the highest at 3.1 and 3.0 points, respectively. Question about the benefit of the HMD and the haptic device during the practice had 1.5 and 1.6 points, respectively. The average total score was 2.2 points. VR tooth preparation simulator in the field of clinical dental education has powerful potential in regard to realistic models, environments, vision, posture, and economical efficiency.
Keywords: Dental caries, Dental education, Tooth preparation, Virtual reality

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