Oral Biol Res 2018; 42(4): 228-234  https://doi.org/10.21851/obr.42.04.201812.228
Effect of supportive periodontal therapy on long-term implant survival rate
So-Jeong Choi1†, Ha-Na Jeong2†, Ok-Su Kim3*
1School of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea
2Department of Dentistry, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea
3Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea
Correspondence to: Ok-Su Kim, Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University, 77 Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61186, Korea. Tel: +82-62-530-5640, Fax: +82-62-530-5649, E-mail: periodrk@chonnam.ac.kr
Received: September 3, 2018; Revised: November 19, 2018; Accepted: December 27, 2018; Published online: December 31, 2018.
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine the condition of supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) in implant patients and the effect of SPT on implant long-term survival. Implants placed at the Dept. of Periodontology, Chonnam National University Dental Hospital over a 5-year period, were traced for up to 8 years. Patients who had visited the hospital at least once a year were defined as regular SPT, and patients who were treated by active periodontal therapy were defined as patients with periodontitis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed based on the observation periods, and the effect of SPT and history of periodontitis on implant survival assessed by chi-square test. A total of 183 patients (age: 21–91, 98 males and 85 females), and 508 implants were used for this study. Three hundred eight implants were under SPT and 87 implants was under regular SPT. For the patients with periodontitis 136 implants were placed. The 5-year survival rate was 94.8%. The overall survival rate in patients who received SPT was 97.1% and 91.0% for those who did not (p=0.004). The survival rate in patients who received regular SPT was 97.7%, and 96.8% for patients received irregular SPT. The survival rate was 93.4% in patients with periodontitis and 95.2% in patients without periodontitis. Among patients with periodontitis, the survival rate was 100.0% in patients who received regular SPT and 89.2% for irregular SPT (p=0.012). These results suggest that regular SPT improves implant survival rate and is more effective in patients with periodontitis.
Keywords: Dental implants, Maintenance, Periodontitis, Survival rate


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