Oral Biology Research

Table. 1.

Demographic characteristics of the patients

Variable Untreated (n=60) Epinephrine (n=60) Bupivacaine (n=60)
Age (y) 37.4±14.9 40.0±16.8 40.0±18.7
Sex Male 40 37 38
Female 20 23 22
Height (cm) 167.0±9.4 165.9±8.3 166.5±8.0
Weight (kg) 67.0±13.9 65.3±11.6 64.5±11.0
Tube size (ID, mm) 6.725±0.3 6.733±0.3 6.725±0.3
Nostril (right/left) 44/16 46/14 44/16
Magil-forceps (yes/no) 38/22 36/24 40/20
Resistance Yes 41 36* 28*
No 19 24 32
Intubation time (min) 92.4±72.9 70.7±53.1 79.2±62.5

Values are presented as number only or mean±standard deviation.

ID, inner diameter; n, number of patients.

*p<0.05 compared with untreated group.

Oral Biol Res 2021;45:107~114 https://doi.org/10.21851/obr.45.03.202109.107
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